When you’re studying from home, science experiments can be a fun and invigorating project that moves the education away from just the typical textbook. As you’re looking for some science experiments to do this school year, check out five of these cool, but easy experiments you can do at home.
1. Make Your Own Rock Candy
It’s surprisingly easy (and scientific!) to create homemade rock candy. You will need a wooden skewer, a clothespin, one cup of water, two-to-three cups of sugar, and a tall, narrow jar or glass.
Start by clipping the skewer into the middle of the clothespin to balance it down into the glass. Keep the bottom of the skewer about one inch away from the bottom. Once the clothespin is attached, you can remove the skewer and clothespin combination from the glass for a moment. Pour one cup of water into a pan and bring it to a boil. Pour one-fourth of a cup of sugar into the water and stir until it dissolves.
Continue adding more sugar slowly, and stir until it dissolves. Once all of the sugar has been added, remove it from the heat and allow it to cool. With the help of an adult, pour the sugar solution into the jar and submerge the skewer into it. Allow the jar and substance to cool completely. Leave it in a place where it won’t be disturbed and you’ll see crystals growing over the next three to seven days.
2. Soap-powered Boat
Making a soap powered boat is both quick and easy. You only need a foam or non-corrugated cardboard tray, a bowl of water, liquid dish soap, and a toothpick.
Start by cutting the foam or cardboard into a small boat shape with a triangle notched into the back. Pick up a small amount of liquid soap with the toothpick and dab it into the empty triangle at the back of the boat. That’s it! Watch your soap-powered boat skip across to the other side of the bowl.
3. Clean Pennies with Vinegar
Cleaning pennies with vinegar is one of the quickest experiments you can try. You will need a few old, dirty pennies, ¼ cup of white vinegar, paper towels, a non-metal bowl and a teaspoon of salt.
Start by pouring vinegar into the bowl, add salt, and stir. Put a few pennies into the bowl and slowly count to ten. When you take the pennies out, rinse them underneath clean water and see how clean they’ve gotten.
4. Create an Electromagnet
One fun science experiment is creating an electromagnet at home. You’ll need a large iron nail, a few feet of thin-coated copper wire, a D-size battery, and paperclips or small magnetic objects.
Leaving a few inches loose, wrap one end of the wire around the nail and avoid overlapping the wires. If needed, cut the wire so that there are only a few inches loose like the opposite end. Carefully remove the plastic coating from both ends of the wire and tape each side to the battery. You’ve just created an electromagnet! Test it by holding it close to small magnetic objects.
5. Make a Paperclip Float
If you try to make a paperclip float, you won’t have very much luck on your own. To try this experiment, you will need paper clips, tissue paper, a bowl of water, and a pencil with an eraser.
First, fill a bowl with water. Next, tear off a small piece of tissue paper and drop it flat against the water. Carefully place the paperclip onto the tissue paper. Lastly, use the eraser end of a pencil to poke the tissue (not the paper clip) until the tissue paper itself sinks. With some luck and practice, the tissue will fall to the bottom and let the paperclip float.